Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire. Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Gerecz-Simon E, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, MacDermid JC. Clinimetric . The questionnaire was intended for persons with hand and wrist conditions and. Jun 7, (AUSCAN), Cochin Hand Function Scale, Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis and Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ).

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Factor analysis showed that for the full sample and most subgroups, all pain items loaded on one factor standardized regression coefficients 0.

For the exploratory factor analysis, we used the scree test to examine the number of factors that best fit the data Specifically, the grip and pinch strength were more strongly associated with the AUSCAN function subscale than the pain and stiffness subscales.

However, it is not clear why the less difficult function items share more variance with the pain items which relate to tasks of varying difficulty than with the other function items. However, our factor analysis with two factors specified supported the intended subscale structure of the AUSCAN for questionnaire total sample and most subgroups we questionanire.

Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN)

This analysis allowed us to test the associations of each subscale with strength and pain while controlling for the other subscale. This study examined measurement properties of the AUSCAN in a large, community-based sample, extending knowledge about the scale’s generalizability. We examined the internal consistency, construct validity, and factor structure of the AUSCAN among the total sample, as well as in subgroups according to gender, race, presence of hand pain, and presence of radiographic hand osteoarthritis OA.

Briefly, this study involved civilian, noninstitutionalized adults aged 45 years and older who resided in six townships in Johnston County. The cross-sectional sample was composed of individuals enrolled in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project who completed the AUSCAN ausacn a questioonnaire assessment approximately 5—7 years after their baseline assessment.

Correlations with the right and left hand pain items were similar for all three subscales. It assesses the three dimensions of pain, disability and joint stiffness for patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Prior research on the Western Ontario McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index WOMACan index of lower extremity pain, stiffness, and function 18indicated that scale items clustered according to the type of activity, rather than according to pain, stiffness, and function subscales 19 In addition, further research is needed to understand factors underlying racial differences in self-reported hand pain and function.


The Hr-MQOLQ is a item, self-administered questionnaire that assesses the quality of life of migraine sufferers within a hour period after having taken migraine medication and within the first 24 hours of a migraine attack. However, overall results aiscan this study do not show any major problems with the validity or utility of the AUSCAN for this subgroup of individuals.

AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Index – AUSCAN – Hand Osteoarthritis

Prior studies have examined its validity in small clinical samples and family-based samples. Radiological assessment of osteoarthrosis. Cognitive interviewing would also help to examine individuals’ thought processes when responding to these items.

However, for African Americans, a different factor pattern emerged, with three function items loading on a factor with the pain items. This is likely due to similarity between some activities queried in the pain and function subscales i. Partial correlations of the AUSCAN pain and function subscales with the single-item pain and hand strength measures also supported the subscales’ construct validity among the total sample and most subgroups.

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With respect to gender, associations of AUSCAN subscales with pinch and grip strength were slightly weaker for men than women, but these were all statistically significant for both groups and followed patterns similar to those shown in Table II. The three dimensions of pain, disability and joint stiffness are evaluated for patients with osteoarthritis of the hand. Patients and methods Subjects The cross-sectional sample was composed of individuals enrolled in the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project questionnaier completed the AUSCAN during a follow-up assessment approximately 5—7 years after questionnaier baseline assessment.

The questionnaire consists of 15 questions that are evaluated on a 7-level Likert scale. Correlations involving the AUSCAN stiffness scale and the self-reported hand pain are Spearman correlation coefficients; other correlations are Pearson correlation coefficients.

We did not find substantial differences in the subscales’ associations with single-item pain measures for the right or left hand. Questionnaige studies have confirmed the validity of this scale in clinical and family-based samples, all with radiographic auscab OA 1 — 5. We used an oblique rotation promax since we expected the subscales to be correlated.

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We conducted factor analyses with two factors questionnaore on these two separate Caucasian groups and found that the factor loadings were similar to each other and to those for the full sample. Dimensionality auecan clinical importance of pain and disability in hand osteoarthritis: The function items that loaded on the factor with the pain items relate to tasks that generally require less strength turning faucets and doorknobs, buttoning than the remainder of the function items that loaded on a factor together i.

Results were similar for all subgroups gender, race, all age groups, both classifications of radiographic OA, hand pain. Based on previous research 5we expected moderate correlations among the subscales, but very high correlations may indicate overlap between the scales.

The scree test plots eigenvalues against factors. Please review our privacy questionaire. Translated and Validated Questionnaires Health Outcomes Group has translated and linguistically validated many questionnaires over the years. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. We examined these partial correlations in right and left hands. This is likely because the suestionnaire of individuals in this subgroup do not have current hand pain at rest. The HAQ should be considered a generic rather than a disease-specific instrument.

Conclusions Results support the validity of the AUSCAN in a general sample of adults, as well as across demographic and clinical subgroups, although the subscale structures differed slightly by questionnaige. Author manuscript; available in PMC Nov All other uses, reproduction and distribution, including without limitation commercial reprints, selling or licensing copies or access, or posting on open internet sites, your personal or institution’s website or repository, are prohibited.

Prior studies have involved small clinical samples 1 — 3 and family-based samples quscan5.