In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

Author: Yozshugar Nidal
Country: Panama
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 21 January 2009
Pages: 250
PDF File Size: 7.93 Mb
ePub File Size: 12.80 Mb
ISBN: 316-6-84969-756-3
Downloads: 89455
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tygot

Delhi Sultanatec. The Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata mentions around janapadas, while the Ramayana mentions only a few of these. Misra notes that the contemporary society was divided into the four varnas besides the outcastesand the Kshatriya ruling class had all the political rights.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

Kuru was born after 25 generations of Puru’s dynasty, and after 15 generations janapdas Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born. The existence of Paura and Janapada itself is a controversial matter.

The defeated king also was invited to attend these sacrifice ceremonies, as a friend and ally. The commentator of Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra.

The river Godavari separated the country of the Assakas from that of the Mulakas or Alakas. The Chedis were an ancient people of India and are mentioned in the Rigvedawith their king Kashu Chaidya. By using this site, you agree to the Ianapadas of Use and Privacy Policy. Palaeolithic 2,—, BC Madrasian Culture. They were a powerful people dwelling in Northern South Asia. The sabha was a smaller assembly of wise elders, who advised the king.


Oxford University Press — via Google Books. They do not give any connected history except in the case of Magadha.

It finds mention as the center of Vedic Dharma. A bitter line in the Brahmin Puranas laments that Magadhan emperor Mahapadma Nanda exterminated all Kshatriyasnone worthy of the name Kshatriya being left thereafter.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

All these factors helped Magadha to emerge as the most prosperous state of that period. Mughal Dynastyc. The Great Rebellionc. State and Government in Ancient India. The Vedic literature mentions the following jana s or janapada s: Initially king Udayana was opposed to Buddhismbut later became a follower of Buddha and made Buddhism the state religion.

Janapada – Wikipedia

Latin cognate genusEnglish cognate kin. The Coinage of Ancient India. The Janapadas had Kshatriya rulers. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. The alluvial plains of this region and its proximity to the copper and iron rich areas of Bihar and Jharkhand helped the kingdom to develop good quality weapons and support the agrarian economy.

During Buddha’s time its boundaries included Anga. Early medieval Chalukya Dynastyc. Another Buddhist text, the Digha Nikayamentions only twelve Mahajanapadas from the above list and omits four of them Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara, and Kamboja.

  LEGO 6276 PDF

The Taksashila University was a renowned centre of learning in ancient times, where scholars from all over the world came to seek higher education.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. The Gandharas were furious people, well-trained in the art of war.

Archaeologically, this period corresponds in part to the Northern Black Polished Ware culture. According to these texts, Koshala was the most powerful and biggest kingdom ever in the recorded history. Brahmarshi-deshamahajanapaas county of the holy sages,’ includes the territories of the KurusMatsyasPanchalas and Shurasenas i.

The Puranas trace the origin of Kurus from the Puru – Bharata family. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of Naimisha Forestthe NaimishaAranyam between Panchala and Kosala kingdoms.

Classical Numismatic Group Inc. From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions were annexed to the Magadhan empire.

In Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastrathe Vrishnis are described as sangha or republic.