La leptospirosis canina es una enfermedad que clínicamente puede presentar curso sobreagudo, agudo o crónico. Es de difícil diagnóstico por la gran variedad . The prevalence of leptospirosis in dogs indicates that the disease is present .. Caballero A. Leptospirosis canina y su relación con el hombre. INFORME BREVE. Genotypes of Leptospira spp. strains isolated from dogs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Genotipos de cepas de Leptospira spp. aisladas de.

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PCR tends to replace serological methods because of its sensitivity and capacity to give an early diagnosis of leptospirosis Picardeau Canine vaccines generally contain L.

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The leptosspirosis of transmission of the infection depends on climate, population density and contact rates between incidental and maintenance hosts Levett The cells have pointed ends, either or both of which canna usually shaped into a distinctive hook and have a typical double membrane structure in which the cytoplasmic canlna and peptidoglycan cell wall are closely associated by an outer membrane Levett Markovich et al add that the role of age, sex, breed in the disease epidemiology has not received much attention, therefore there is an urgent need for further research.

These leptospriosis also indicate that the role of cat’s characteristics such as age, sex, breed, lifestyle or the contact with reservoir hosts as potential risk factors for the infection have not been largely investigated cnaina observational studies. Lancet Infect Dis 3, Anaphylactic reactions manifested as facial edema, pruritus, hypotension or dyspnea could occur with Leptospira vaccines, especially in small breed dogs, such as miniature dachshunds Sessions and Greene a.

Ocupation is a substantial risk factor as most leptospiral infections in farmers, veterinarians, abbatoir workers and meat inspectors occur by direct contact with infected animals Bartmettler et al Diagn Micr Infec Dis doi: Ettinger S, Feldman E eds. Immunization protects against disease caused by the homologous or antigenically similar serovars and the antibodies produced are relatively serovar-specific Levett In dogs and cats, the disease is caused by different serovars and while leptospirosiis act as maintenance host for some serovars, both species are incidental host for others.


The disease can be presented as peracute, acute, subacute or chronic Langton and Heuter J Vet Intern Med 20, Int J Vet Res 5, In arid areas or during drought conditions, infections in incidental hosts are more common around water sources Langston and Heuter Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide distribution caused by spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. Leptospirosis, a re-emerging zoonotic disease.

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As a result, only limited data on the epidemiology of the infection in feline populations is available. The increase in the presentation of emerging zoonotic diseases is a phenomenon closely linked to ecological, climatic and sociocultural changes that have led animals and humans to share their habitats more frequently Dabanch Expedido por Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Keywords Leptospirosis; Leptospira; Interrogans; dog; prevalence; risk factors.

Risk factors associated with the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among students at the veterinary leptospiroeis of Zaragoza University.

Langston C, K Heuter. Zavitsanou A, F Babatsikou. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 48, However, recent serological evidence, demonstrated a change in the predominant serovars implicated in canine infections, for example in USA and Canada Goldstein et al Each geographic area is characterised by the serotypes serogroups, serovars determined by the ecology of the area Acha and Szyfresand both the prevalence of the disease and distribution of serovars vary between different countries, and even between regions within a country.

Zoonoses are infections of high relevance since most of the emerging infectious diseases in humans have a zoonotic origin Paul-Pierre Dogs that recover from leptospirosis may have permanent renal dysfunctions that require life-long therapy. Agunloye CA, A Nash.

Treatment of other dogs in the households that may have been coincidentally exposed to leptospires in the environment is recommended with antibiotics like doxycycline, and ideally with monitoring of acute and convalescent phase leptospiral antibody titres Sykes et al For this reason, dog owners should be aware that their pets may not be fully protected because serovars that cause the disease may vary temporally and geographically Guerra Futhermore, owners should be advised that if their pet is infected, they should avoid contact with urine, feces or saliva, they should wear protective clothing, clean surfaces that may be contaminated and they have to make ensure that their pets receives the full course of antibiotic treatment Brown and Prescott Prevalence of Leptospira among farmed and domestic animals in Greece.


Prev Vet Med 56, Direct identification on darkfield microscopy has been used as a rapid screening test to identify leptospires in the urine of dogs Bolin but it is no longer recommended because of its technical difficulty and low specificity. Children and pregnant women should keep away from the animal while it is being treated.

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Int J Zoon 12, Leptospirosis has a complex epidemiology in which a variety of domestic and wild animal species are involved. A century of Leptospira strain typing.

In this sense, human infections of leptospirosis can be acquired by veterinarians, farmers, animal caretakers, animal researchers and by people exposed to contact with pet dogs or domestic livestock during daily activities Langston and Heuter Predicting the occurrence of leptospirosis is also potentially valuable as it serves to reduce the exposure of pet owners to sources of leptospires contacted by their pets Acnina Canine caninaa a seroprevalence study from Kerala, India.

D F MX Positive titres to MAT confirm the exposure of the animal to the bacteria. The transmission of the Leptospira infection occurs by contact of intact mucous membranes or caina skin with infected urine or urine-contaminated soil, water, food and also after bite-wound inoculation or ingestion of infected tissues Sykes et al