Lev Isaakovich Shestov (Russian: Лев Исаакович Шестов), born Yehuda Leyb Schwarzmann (Russian: Иегуда Лейб Шварцман), variously known as Leon. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Nietzsche (The Good in the Teaching of Tolstoy and Nietzsche: Philosophy and Teaching & Dostoevsky and Nietzsche: The. An introduction to the Russian-Jewish existentialist philosopher Lev Shestov, Leon Chestov.

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It also supports exact-phrase and multilingual queries. Inhe was introduced to Edmund Husserlwith whom he maintained a cordial relationship despite radical differences in philosophical outlook.

Shestov, Lev

In some of his most famous words he explains:. In it was translated into English by S. Through faith, he appears to have believed, man becomes – in an important sense – like God. Though Shestov’s definition of faith as “audacity” seems to suggest that it is produced by an affirmation of human leb, he plainly denied that man can by himself obtain faith.

Of course, I won’t be able to breach this wall with my head if I’m not strong enough. Shestov finds an immense nobility and heroism in the cry of Dostoevsky’s protagonist in his Notes from the Underground: It is rather long but gives a good idea of what to expect.

The Fundamental Idea of the Philosophy of Lev Shestov

The notes he kept of his meetings shesotv the philosopher and his correspondence with him provide valuable insights into Shestov’s intellectual interests and motivations. Many saw in Shestov’s work, a renunciation of reason and metaphysicsand even an espousal of nihilism.

The search box on the TOC pages table of contents will directly search the contents of that particular section. InShestov moved to Freiburg, Germanyand he stayed there untilwhen he moved to the small Swiss village of Coppet. But, granted that man’s awareness of moral distinctions imposes heavy burdens upon him and restricts his freedom, is a return to the condition of Adam before the fall possible?

It is not somber ascetism that marks the sage but joyful anticipation of union with God.

He had finished the manuscript of his major work, Athens and Jerusalemin the spring of at Boulogne-sur-Seine and had personally supervised the preparation of French and German translations of the Russian text.

Why, to what purpose, did He become man, expose himself to injurious mistreatment, ignominious and painful death on the cross?

Music and poetry though he was not satisfied with his own attempts at writing verse continued to be his major interests. Nevertheless, he would find admirers in such writers as D.


But as long as I have the least shred of hope I will refuse to “sanctify” necessity as Schelling does Criticism of religion Ethics in religion Exegesis History of religion Religion Religious language Religious philosophy Relationship between religion and science Political science of religion Faith and rationality more He obtained an education at various places, due to fractious clashes with authority.

When it becomes ancient, and like the old lion who lay in his cave and whined, devours all its servants, then it can be dispatched. During this time he had become totally immersed in the study of such great theologians as Blaise Pascal and Plotinuswhilst at the same time lecturing at the Sorbonne in Macartney and published in London in The despair which an awareness of the terror of history entails can be overcome, he concluded, only through faith.

Since the “invention” of faith, in the Judeo-Christian sense of the word for God all is possiblethe man who has left the horizon of archetypes and repetition can no longer defend himself against that terror except through the idea of God.

In fact, it is only by presupposing the existence of God that he conquers, on the one hand, freedom which grants him autonomy in a universe governed by laws or, in other words, the “inauguration” of a mode of being that is new and unique in the universe and, on the other hand, the certainty that historical tragedies have a trans-historical meaning, even if that meaning is not always visible for humanity in its present condition.

Out of Print–Limited Availability. In the fall of he and his family began a long and difficult overland journey with stops at Rostov, Yalta and Sevastopol, where they boarded a French steamer with visas obtained by an older sister who lived in Paris.

As if such a wall could really leave me resigned and bring me peace of mind because its the same as twice two makes four! Shestov traveled to the front to trace him but his mission was unsuccessful. That any torture whatever to the living being is better than the ‘bliss’ of the rest-satiate ‘ideal’ being? For modern man – Shestov, as we have seen, [42] suggested – God may perhaps be reached only by first passing through the experience of despair, through a sense of utter abandonment.

In In Job’s Balances Shestov insists that, though it has given us many gifts, science cannot give us ultimate truth for – in refusing to recognize the unique, the unrepeatable, the fortuitous – it has turned away from the realm in which real truth lies. Furthermore the belief, inculcated by scientism and rationalism, in an eternally necessary and unchangeable order of things is, in a sense, a “self-fulfilling” conviction.

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Shestov stubbornly refused and the volume never appeared in Russia. Rebellious Prophet New York: Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits, and Luther, the renegade monk, both have testified – may, through faith, direct his eyes toward ultimate reality and see the true God who will restore to him the limitless freedom with which he was created and again make all things possible for him.

There is no need at all. His point of departure is not a theory, or an idea, but an experience, the experience of despair, which Shestov describes as the loss of certainties, the loss of freedom, the loss of the meaning of life.

Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. Inspired by Nietzsche and the decadent movement taking hold in Western Europe, Shestov was a sharp critic of positivism and materialism. As soon as man feels that God is not, he suddenly comprehends the frightful horror and the wild folly of human temporal existence, and when he has comprehended this he awakens, perhaps not to the ultimate knowledge, but to the penultimate.

The book’s longest essay, “Speculation and Apocalypse”, treats of Vladimir Solovyov’s philosophy. Shestov was haunted for years by the biblical legend of the fall. The French poets – Musset, Baudelaire and Verlaine – were great favorites of Shestov’s at this period, but he soon abandoned poetry and music for what Plato called “the highest music” – philosophy.

Has there ever been a single Christian who actually moved mountains? Man, Shestov concludes, must choose: Unfortunately, Shestov’s stature has not hitherto been generally recognized nor has his work been widely studied. Although on the surface it is an exploration of numerous intellectual topics, at its base it is a sardonic work of Existentialist philosophy which both criticizes and satirizes our fundamental attitudes towards life situations.

The discovery of Kierkegaard prompted Shestov to realise that his philosophy shared great similarities, such as his rejection of idealismand his belief that man can gain shestpv knowledge through ungrounded subjective thought rather than objective reason and verifiability.