L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Lugard: The Dual Mandate 2 translated into practice admits of wide differences of opinion and method. Obviously the extent to which native races are capable of. Lugard conceded that British methods had not produced ideal results a strong guiding principle of British rule, part of its “dual mandate” of reciprocal benefit.

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Lugard was commissioned into the 9th Foot East Norfolk Regiment injoining the second battalion in India and serving in the following campaigns:.

While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edwardmapping a large area of the country. Olufemi Taiwo argues that Lugard actually blocked qualified Africans, who had been educated in Britain, from playing an active role in the development of the country; he distrusted white lugarrd as much as black ones – believing that the principles they were taught in the universities were often wrong.

The administration of the caliphate came under the central authority of the caliph and a number of emirs who headed sub-units of the state, the emirates. The name ‘Dealtry’ was in honour of Thomas Dealtrya friend of his father. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource. Lugard writes in a clear style.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

En route, Lugard was instructed to enter into treaties with local tribes and build forts in order to secure safe passage for future IBEAC expeditions. His The Dual Mandatefirst published inbecame a handbook for all British administrators in tropical Africa, and influenced British colonial policies across the continent.

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In the African Lakes Company set up a base in Karonga to exchange ivory for trade goods from these Swahili merchants. For Lugard, it was also vital that Britain gain control of unclaimed areas before GermanyPortugal or France claimed the land and its resources for themselves.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard – Wikipedia

Although controversial in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media, the amalgamation did not arouse passion in the rest of the country because the people were unaware of the implications.

According to Lugard, Britain held a dual responsibility in Africa: Lugard, assisted by his indefatigable wife, Flora Shaw, concocted a legend which warped understanding of him, Nigeria and colonialism for decades. In Northern Nigeria, therefore, Lugard found the necessary centralized political structure and pre-exiting taxation and court systems critical udal indirect rule to work. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

He was present at Lokoja and read the proclamation that established the protectorate on 1 January It was a concept in which existing African traditional political institutions were preserved and luard into the lugarv administrative system for local governance.

Lugard ran the country whilst spending half each year in England, where he could promote himself and was distant from realities in Africa, where subordinates had to delay decisions on many matters until he returned.

Pottinger Davis Mmandate Bowring H. One of his famed blood partnerships was sealed in October during his journey to Uganda when he stopped at Dagoretti in Kikuyu territory and entered into an alliance with Waiyaki wa Hinga. Therefore, effective British officers should retain their posts without undue interruptions.

In direct rule as a principle of colonial local government became the standard policy in most of British Africa.


Some believed that if the proposal were carried through, Hong Kong might forever remain in British hands. Thus, they lacked the authoritarianism of the northern emirs.

In the southwest among the Yoruba, it encountered some problems and was less successful.

Catalog Record: The dual mandate in British tropical Africa | Hathi Trust Digital Library

This would avoid revolt because, he believed, the people of Africa would be more likely to follow someone who looked like them, spoke their languages and shared their customs. Decentralization and continuity could only be achieved if cooperation existed within the administrative chains, especially between the provincial staff and local rulers.

Territories acquired through conquest, cession, settlement, or annexation were designated as Crown Colonies. The White Tribe of Kenya. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. A Concise History of Hong Kong.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Continuity was vital because Africans trusted foreigners reluctantly. InBritish control over the whole protectorate was made possible by a successful campaign against the emir of Kano and the sultan of Sokoto.

He had submitted a proposal for the Convention to the British government. He became the fual chancellor, despite a cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and local British companies, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged Retrieved 7 December